The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation. Protection area, maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites & remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI. Other function of the ASI includes archaeological explorations and excavations, architectural survey of monuments, development of epigraphically researches, numismatic studies and publication, selting up and reorganizing site museums and training in archaeology. Beside it regulate all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958. It also regulates Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972.
For the protection and maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance the entire country is divided into 27 Circles and a Mini Circle. The organization has a large work force of trained archaeologists, conservators, epigraphist, architects and scientists for conducting archaeological research projects through its Circles, Museums, Excavation Branches, Prehistory Branch, Epigraphy Branches, Science Branch, Horticulture Branch, Building Survey Project, Temple Survey Projects and Underwater Archaeology Wing.
Nagpur Circle of the Archaeological Survey of India is a newly created Circle office with its Head-Quarter at Nagpur. The Circle has been carved out after bifurcating Aurangabad Circle to look after archaeological activities in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, covering 11 districts namely Akola, Amravati, Bhandara, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Gondia, Nagpur, Yavatmal, Washim and Wardha.
There are 93 centrally protected monuments under the jurisdiction of Nagpur Circle spread all over the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Further, the Circle office administered through four Sub-circles namely Akola, Buldhana, Chandrapur and Nagpur. Circle office is headed by the Superintending Archaeologist whereas Sub-circle offices are headed by Sr. Conservation Assistant or Conservation Assistant as the case may be.